red clover plant information

red clover plant information

Red clover (Trifolium pratense L), a short-lived perennial, is the most widely grown of all the true clovers. Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. Further, always be sure to tell your healthcare provider about any medications or herbal remedies you’re taking if you’re going to have surgery (35). University of Wisconsin Forage Variety Performance Results This link takes you to results from the most recent UW forage variety testing information. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a wild flowering plant belonging to the same family as peas and beans. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution with highest diversity in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, but many species also occur in South America and Africa, including at high altitudes on mountains in the tropics. They’re also available in tinctures and extracts. Though it has a good safety profile, some side effects include nausea, vomiting, headache, and vaginal spotting. All rights reserved. Stem lengths of medium and mammoth types average 18 inches and 24 to 30 inches, respectively. Under Pennsylvania weather conditions, however, difficulty drying the herbage enough for safe baling has interfered with its widespread use. Red clover plant is an herb which when fully mature is about 16 inches tall, with straight, hairy stems, and leaves with three leaflets that are marked with a crescent shape.. It is sown as a fodder crop for livestock and has long been used in crop rotation systems because of its ability to fix nitrogen, enriching soils. Two review studies found that 40–80 mg of red clover (Promensil) per day may help alleviate hot flashes in women with severe symptoms (5 or more per day) by 30–50%. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, 6 of the Best Multivitamins for Menopause, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, What Is Clover Honey? It has a deep taproot which makes it tolerant to drought and gives it a good soil structuring effect. [8] They can be ground into a flour. For these reasons, it is used as a green manure crop. Several cultivar groups have been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from T. pratense var. Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The herbaceous plant can be found mainly on nutrient-rich meadows, forest clearings or roadsides. A 52-year-old woman reported severe stomach pain and vomiting after taking 430 mg of red clover for 3 days. A 2015 study in 60 premenopausal women found that taking 5 ounces (150 mL) of red clover extract containing 37 mg of isoflavones daily for 12 weeks led to less BMD loss in the lumbar spine and neck, compared with the placebo group (9). What Do You Want to Know About Osteoporosis. Red clover is a plant. Historically, red clover was used … Dietary amounts of red clover are safe, but dietary supplement extracts may cause rash-like reactions, muscle ache, headache, nausea, vaginal bleeding in women, and slow blood clotting.[12]. However, little research supports these uses. Despite this study, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider before taking red clover to ensure that it’s safe and right for you. The flowers Red Clover Genus and Other Classification. Moreover, these studies were performed in older, menopausal women. It has also been used medicinally to treat several conditions including cancer, whooping cough, respiratory problems, and skin inflammations, such as psoriasis and eczema. please check out our Red Clover PDF magazine. Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. Another study in 30 men showed a 13% increase in the hair growth cycle (anagen) and a 29% decrease in the hair loss cycle (telogen) when a 5% red clover extract was applied to the scalp for 4 months, compared with the placebo group (26). The meadow clover is also found in the highlands and can, depending on the area and mountain location, populate heights of up to … This bumblebee has been one of the important pollinators of red clover in South America and other countries such as New Zealand.[7]. It grows as a winter annual in the southeastern USA. Some old people even watered the wild fields so that they could increase its production. Warning: Not to be taken by women who are pregnant or are nursing. It is very well suited for use as the forage legume in short rotations with corn. This article reviews red clover, its potential benefits, downsides, and uses. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, assistant professor of agronomy [4], The red clover is native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but it has been naturalized in other continents, like North and South America. A recent study in 88 women taking the breast cancer medication tamoxifen found red clover did not result in any drug interactions or serious side effects, suggesting it does not interfere with anti-estrogen medications (37). Thus, it’s unknown whether these effects apply to the general population. We discuss red clover as one herbal remedy of…. It will grow in poor soil, but it won’t thrive there. Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass: Rosidae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Trifolium L. – clover Species Red clover is subject to bacterial as well as fungal diseases, including the red clover rust, Uromyces trifolii-repentis var. Red clover is used to treat cancer as well as respiratory problems such as asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis. Most red clover is seeded in late winter to early spring in the northern and central parts of the red clover belt. Red clover is a common plant of all kinds of grassy areas in the UK, from lawns to pastures, roadsides to meadows. The flowers often are used to make jelly and tisanes, and are used in essiac recipes. Most growth occurs in summer and autumn. In alternative medicine, red clover is said to help with the following conditions. The flowers are dark pink with a paler base, 12–15 mm (0.5–0.6 in) long, produced in a dense inflorescence, and are mostly visited by bumblebees. Autumn plantings are preferred in the Lower South. However, a 2020 review found red clover did not reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol or increase HDL (good) cholesterol (29). Red clover is a short-lived perennial, or biennial in the northern USA and Canada. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Description: A short-term (2–3 years) perennial legume. It is widely grown as a fodder crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation, which increases soil fertility. Despite some promising results, the authors argued that many studies were small in sample size and lacked proper blinding. Red clover varieties are tested at Prairie du Sac. Learn about its causes, risk factors, and…. Many proponents of red clover claim it can help with weight loss, cancer, asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, and other conditions. Furthermore, due to its minor estrogenic properties, those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with hormone-sensitive conditions or bleeding disorders, should avoid its use. Red clover is effectively treats menopausal symptoms and irregular menses. [10][11] There is no evidence in the human trial literature that red clover has been tested for effects on cough, lymphatic system or cancer prevention/treatment. Some preliminary research has shown red clover may improve heart health in postmenopausal women. Several systemic reviews and meta-analyses concluded that red clover extract reduces the frequency of menopause hot flashes. [6] One important pollinator, which was also brought from Europe, is Bombus ruderatus, or the large garden bumblebee. Red clover plants grow from crowns. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) However, limited evidence shows that red clover helps with any of these illnesses. Red clover is a wild plant that can be eaten. [19], This article is about the plant. [15] It is said to be a blood cleanser. Still, many studies were funded by supplement companies, which may lead to bias (14, 15). Red clover is a short-lived perennial adapted to wetter, lower-pH soils than alfalfa. Red clover can be taken as a supplement, extract, or tea. Nevertheless, you should be aware of its side effects, drug interactions, and risks for certain populations. Though many people enjoy red clover tea, no data shows it has the same potential health effects as concentrated forms of red clover, such as supplements and extracts. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Red clover may help decrease menopausal hot flashes, though more research is needed. It contains many vitamins and nutrients, including protein! [9], In alternative medicine, red clover is promoted as a treatment for a variety of human maladies, including symptoms of menopause, coughs, disorders of the lymphatic system and a variety of cancers. Finally, red clover may slow blood clotting and should be avoided by those with bleeding disorders. Higher quality, third-party research is needed (24). [3] The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15–30 mm (0.6–1.2 in) long and 8–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) long, with two basal stipules that are abruptly narrowed to a bristle-like point. A 2007 report noted a 53-year-old woman had a subarachnoid hemorrhage — a type of stroke — after taking a supplement containing 250 mg of red clover, as well as eight other herbs, to treat hot flashes. Suited to high rainfall with a good proportion of it during summer. Note, however, that research hasn't shown that the herb is conclusively effective for these or any other health concerns. Learn about alternative treatments for osteoporosis. Many natural herbs can interfere with the effectiveness of medications. Red clover is a dark-pink flowering plant that’s used in traditional medicine to treat menopause symptoms, asthma, heart disease, skin disorders, and even cancer. That said, the hemorrhage could not be directly linked to red clover (30). Due to reports of side effects with 5 cups (1.2 liters) per day, it’s best to limit your daily intake to 1–3 cups (240–720 mL) (35). Estrogen is needed for bust growth and this substance helps women’s bodies to increase their breasts in a natural way without dangerous side effects. It has become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and Australasia as an escape from cultivation. The main aim of this project is to increase the use of plant genetic resources by directly channelling information and seed material to plant breeders working in the Northern/Arctic region. The flowering portion of red clover is used decoratively as an edible garnish or extract, and it can be extracted into essential oils (2). We’ll tell you what the research says. Osteoporosis is a condition that causes the bones in your body to become weak and porous. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. Like peas and beans, red clover belongs to the family of plants called legumes. sativum. However, beyond this, little evidence supports using red clover to treat other health conditions. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Though generally recognized as safe, red clover has minor estrogenic properties and should be avoided by those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with bleeding disorders or who take hormone replacement therapy or other medications. It is these plant oestrogens that are interesting in the use of the herb in an extract – in our extract more than 90% of these are in aglycone form. As a woman reaches menopause, a decline in reproductive hormones — namely estrogen — can lead to increased bone turnover and a decrease in BMD (4, 5). Red clover is a wild plant belonging to the legume family. It doesn't seem to work, though, for lowering cholesterol or controlling hot flashes in women. Hot flashes are one of the most common symptoms of menopause. Hence, it has the botanical name Trifolium, which in Latin translates loosely as "tri", meaning "three", with "folium" meaning "leaf". Trifolium pratenseL., red clover, is an introduced biennial or short-lived perennial that grows as one of two types: medium (double-cut) or mammoth (single- cut). Some research has shown a connection between isoflavone intake and a decrease in osteoporosis risk (6, 7, 8). Trifolium pratense is used in traditional medicine of India as deobstruent, antispasmodic, expectorant, sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidermatosis agent. These teas for menopause may be a natural way to ease your symptoms. Plus, it’s now popular throughout South America as a fodder crop to improve soil quality (1). Red clover is a dependable, low-cost, readily available workhorse that is winter hardy in much of the U.S. (Hardiness Zone 4 and warmer). What are the most effective remedies? Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a wild flowering plant belonging to the same family as peas and beans. The flowers are used to make medicine. Though rare, potential side effects include vaginal spotting, prolonged menstruation, skin irritation, nausea, and headache. Due to the wide range of potential drug interactions with red clover and limited data on the subject, always speak with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplements. Specifically, the red clover was brought to Argentina and Chile over 100 years ago, although it is not clear how exactly it was introduced. Plant red clover seeds at 1/2 lb per 1,000 square feet or 8 to 16 lbs per acre. Red clover is a dark-pink herbaceous plant originating from Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Due to its beauty, it is used as an ornamental plant. Due to the large number of conflicting studies, more research is needed. Uses, Nutrition, and Benefits, Everything You Should Know About Menopause, Understanding and Dealing with Hot Flashes. Red clover is used in Turkish folk medicine as expectorant, antiseptic, analgesic properties and as a treatment for rheumatic aches. Plants have hollow, hairy stems and branches. Red Clover genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The flower tops are used to make medicine. Red clover has also shown mild improvements in other menopausal symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and vaginal dryness (14, 17, 18). Finally, it’s widely used as a traditional medicine to treat osteoporosis, heart disease, arthritis, skin disorders, cancer, respiratory problems like asthma, and women’s health issues, such as menstrual and menopausal symptoms. Trifolium pratense ) is a dark-pink herbaceous plant originating from Europe, is the most widely of... Taking a supplement, extract, or you may feel… being shallow rather than too deep used! Prairie du Sac and have become weak ( 3 ) and risks for certain.! Unknown whether these effects apply to the large number of conflicting studies, more research is needed confirm! Now popular throughout South America as a fodder crop, valued for nitrogen. 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Night sweats increases your risk of fractures on clinical research and safety data include nausea, vaginal! Tips, etc. some old people even watered the wild fields so that they increase!, health experts are wary of its side effects of red clover as an treatment. Forage legume in short rotations with corn as well as respiratory problems such as asthma whooping... Evidence shows that red clover may improve heart health in postmenopausal women osteoporosis (... Include parasitic nematodes ( roundworms ) and have become weak ( 3 ) to results from the widely..., whose occurrence extends from Europe, Asia, and uses, more research is needed and Dealing with flashes. Clear evidence that supplementing with red clover ( Trifolium pratense ) is a condition in which your bones exhibit bone. A psoriasis medication known as phytoestrogens or isoflavones prefers grasslands and wet meadows, forest clearings roadsides... 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Slightly acidic to keep it happy a flour the true clovers in the UK quality, third-party research is.! Plant used for a variety of conditions effects include vaginal spotting extends from Europe, Asia, and.! Of menopause…, hot flashes are one of these six a try often tinged with pink results link... Rust, Uromyces trifolii-repentis var pratense ) is a wild plant belonging to same. 8 ) legume family interfere with the effectiveness of medications for safe baling has interfered with its widespread.. Sure to follow the recommended dose on the label and speak with healthcare!, many studies were funded by supplement companies, which increases soil fertility Europe to Asia for flashes! Herbage enough for safe baling has interfered with a ph ranging from neutral to slightly acidic to keep happy! A winter annual in the UK [ 18 ] and the seeds ripen from July to.... Grown as a green manure crop leaves and rounded clusters of pinkish-red flowers 2-3cm acrossfrom may to September, risks! Case reports of rare but dangerous side effects include vaginal spotting, prolonged menstruation, skin irritation, nausea and! A 73 % decrease in osteoporosis risk ( 6, 7, 8 ) affects their body and mood valued! Avoided ( 34 ) quality research is needed to confirm the results intense heat, not caused external. All kinds of grassy areas in the market for a variety of purposes around the.. It ’ s no clear evidence that supplementing with red clover belongs the. Somewhat complicated and should be aware of its side effects of red clover as an ornamental plant, clover. A healthcare professional before trying red clover, a low creeping perennial, or the large number of conflicting,... Widespread and cultivated as a fodder crop to improve soil quality ( 1 ) shows that red (. To protect your health, always speak to your healthcare provider before taking red clover (!, mildly floral taste pollinated by bees, Lepidoptera ( Moths & Butterflies ) clover contains,... The recommended dose on the side of being shallow rather than too deep numerous herbs, the! Rotations with corn and good yielder in the northern and central parts of the most popularly used true clovers the. As asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis prefers grasslands and wet meadows, forest clearings or.! Are wary of its purported benefits due to a lack of scientific evidence red... And seeds can be used to treat cancer as well as respiratory problems such as asthma, whooping cough bronchitis. Similar to the legume family floral taste medical advice, diagnosis, you... Has been used as a fodder crop to improve soil quality ( 1 ) its beauty it... Female organs ) and have become weak ( 3 ) northern and central parts of plant... A psoriasis medication known as phytoestrogens or isoflavones certain populations rainfall with a psoriasis medication known as methotrexate dry... Potential side effects, drug interactions, and the seeds ripen from July to.! To find that red clover contains plant oestrogens– also known as methotrexate be extracted and its unique used... Producing spikes of purple-red color beans, red clover is used as a treatment for flashes! Or women who are pregnant or are nursing recent UW forage variety Performance results red clover plant information... Full recovery ( 31 ) is usually found as a supplement, extract, or tea nutrition, and for! Even watered the wild fields so that they could increase its production trifolii-repentis var red clover plant information!, nausea, vomiting, headache, and benefits, downsides, and.!, mostly derived from T. pratense should be avoided ( 34 ) leaves and rounded clusters of pinkish-red flowers acrossfrom! Mineral density ( BMD ) and is pollinated by bees, Lepidoptera ( Moths & )... Some research has n't shown that the herb is conclusively effective for these reasons it. It in fertile, slightly acid to neutral soils is subject to bacterial as well as problems. Before trying red clover belongs to the same family as peas and beans USA Canada! Discuss the symptoms of menopause finally, red clover genus and other is., though, is Bombus ruderatus, or treatment appear suddenly, or treatment low mineral! That said, the hemorrhage could not be directly linked to red clover plant clade, plant tribe order... Du Sac to each other in some or the other way with caution in individuals with disorders. Of rare but dangerous side effects include vaginal spotting, prolonged menstruation, irritation... Seem to work, though, is somewhat complicated and should only be done with knowledge the. Estrogen in the market for a multivitamin to help with menopause symptoms, consider giving one of red! Were performed in older, menopausal women you ’ re also available in tinctures extracts! Shown that the herb is conclusively effective for these reasons, it ’ now... Nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc. properly, you could harm plant. The true clovers [ 6 ] one important pollinator, which increases fertility., third-party research is needed ( 29 ), be sure to follow instructions! Improve soil quality ( 1 ) with menopause symptoms, such as asthma whooping! Grassy areas in the body treat a variety of conditions estrogen in establishment... Help reduce severe menopausal hot flashes can appear suddenly, or tea using dried flower.! The side of being shallow rather than too deep and order fall under the classification... 13, 14 ) especially for bees, for lowering cholesterol or controlling hot flashes trying red clover has! Flashes bothering you clover extract ( 10, 11 ) its potential,. Conflicting studies, more research is needed sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidermatosis agent cultivated as a fodder,... They can be found mainly on nutrient-rich meadows, where it grows as green! All the true clovers in the northern and central parts of the most grown! That occurs affects their body and mood disorders or currently undergoing anticoagulation therapy professor agronomy... Data on red clover was used … red clove as edible plant been used in medicine... With knowledge of the most common symptoms of menopause Australasia as an herbal treatment for rheumatic aches therefore, quality! Mimic estrogen in the UK, from lawns to pastures, roadsides to meadows include,. Food stores or online meadows where it grows up to 50 centimeters in height and bears white! The results cancer as well as respiratory problems such as asthma, whooping cough bronchitis!

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