styrene gas is carcinogenic

styrene gas is carcinogenic

How lethal is styrene? It is learnt as many as 25 workers were involved in the maintenance work at the chemical tanks. Billions of pounds are produced each year to make … Styrene gas can be quickly spread in the air and it is harmful to living beings. How toxic is Styrene? On the night shift, they also kept the mandatory antidote in the form of water spray ready. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. It has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the long run. *IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization) Styrene exposure hazards … The technicians of the plant closed the lid within a short time but the damage was already done,” he said. Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Bhopal A few studies also say that styrene is anticipated to be a human carcinogen. In addition, it is less toxic than benzene and PAH, proven carcinogens. Chennai, Jaipur, Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Copyright © HT Media Limited All rights reserved. “I was told it is in a liquid form stored in the storage tank of the plant for the last 45 days and at 20 degrees Celsius and above, it would convert into gaseous form. “We are right now assessing as to what extent this chemical has entered the air and its impact on the people,” Rao said. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a At 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of ~2% per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures. A chemical gas leak at a chemical factory in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday killed at least 11 people.More than 1,000 people fell sick after inhaling the poisonous Styrene gas … Hyderabad: Styrene gas which leaked from a tank in LG Polymers unit at RR Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Hyderabad, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effect on human beings if inhaled in high quantities. The leaked gas is styrene a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily. Styrene gas tragedy: LG Polymers was warned over toxic styrene levels, green ministry red flags delay by Andhra govt: Report The Andhra Pradesh High Court today ordered that the premises of LG Polymers in Visakhapatnam be seized in the case relating to gas leakage from the plant. Although other aromatic compounds (e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), etc.) Styrene is a petroleum by-product is used to make plastics, rubber, and resins that can be found in packaging, cups, plates, take-out containers, and packing peanuts. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), short-term exposure to low levels of styrene in humans can cause irritation in the mucous membrane and eye, and gastrointestinal effects. Styrene — an organic compound used in the production of polymers, plastics and resins — is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. High exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he said, adding the syndrome is known as styrene sickness. Delhi, Mumbai, It dissolves in some liquids but doesn't dissolve easily in water. Within a few hours, the gas had killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others. Styrene has been listed as ‘reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen’ in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011, by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP). It is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults. Also Read: LG Polymere Gas Leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For The People Exposed To Styrene Gas. An example is the 2019 explosion of the tanker Stolt Groenland; in this incident 5,250 metric tons of styren… Anumita Roychowdhury, Executive Director, Transport, at the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), said air is the medium and the styrene gas is toxic … P ag e 6 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE 10. LG Polymers, a group of company of South Korea-based LG Chem, originally began as Hindustan Polymers in 1961 at Visakhapatnam. Later, it merged with UB Group in 1978 and in 1997; it was taken over by LG Chem which changed the company’s name to LG Polymers India Pvt Ltd. Forensic experts are assessing if the workers did not use the antidote or if it did not work. Another tank has 3,000 metric tons of the gas stored. A gas leak has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. An official in the industries department who preferred anonymity said preliminary studies revealed that the company authorities had apparently not maintained the stipulated temperature during the lockdown period and subsequently while taking up the maintenance work before reopening. Styrene gas contained, FIR filed. Lucknow, Patna, Lifestyle   |   Using a styrene detector makes it possible to monitor the presence of this gas in ambient air and to give warning in case of danger. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. These devices can be fixed, portable, single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements. It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has described styrene to be "a suspected toxin to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and respiratory system, among others" Immediate effects of inhalation of styrene gas can cause breathing difficulties, nausea and sore eyes. The gas leaked was methyl isocyanate and claimed many lives of the innocent. The gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in the plant. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/styrene-is-lethal-and-carcinogenic-if-inhaled-in-high-quantities-experts/story-qJMWtcJFj5nGjfOaWB4kGI.html, Styrene is lethal and carcinogenic if inhaled in high quantities: Experts, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/asked-to-pay-for-cigarette-uttarakhand-policeman-kills-shop-owner/story-CJ22ESOrjrKjCBcCeYpSeJ.html, Asked to pay for cigarette, Uttarakhand policeman kills shop owner, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-govt-orders-probe-after-ec-flags-distribution-of-unaccounted-cash/story-uBzIYLRsCqwUtqAfmgSZXN.html, MP govt orders probe after EC flags distribution of unaccounted cash, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/the-number-theory-a-decade-of-rightward-shift-in-indian-politics/story-GkQ5PIcrq3czjoOeWzPhxI.html, A decade of rightward shift in Indian politics, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/night-curbs-in-metros-to-ensure-covid-safe-revelry/story-0d9JwqwwES6tSnFYtRXX4N.html, Night curbs in metros to ensure Covid-safe revelry, Srinivasa Rao Apparasu | Edited by Sohini Sarkar. Styrene gas when inhaled can cause several symptoms such as nausea headache weakness etc. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Out of these, styrene monomer is considered to be the toxic substance. Tech   |. Styrene gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a "known carcinogen". The IARC* classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). The polymerisation reaction is exothermic; hence, there is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion. “If the quantity of consumption is very high and the proximity is intense, then it can be lethal,” S N Pradhan, Director General of the National Disaster Response Force said. Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. The affected individuals are being given oxygen therapy and the necessary treatment in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam. He also questioned how the state government had granted a No Objection Certificate to resume the plant operations though it was not an “essential” industry. Eight people, including a child, have died and several people have fallen ill after styrene gas leaked in the wee hours of Thursday from LG Polymers, a chemical plant facility located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Kolkata, Noida, Gurgaon, Videos   |   Pradhan as saying that Styrene gas affects the central nervous system, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the body. According to P Prasada Rao, an environmental engineer with the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board in the regional office at Visakhapatnam, Styrene could cause skin-related problems like rashes and burning of eyes if inhaled in lesser quantities. He said that the gas leak has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the situation. Also Read: Vizag Gas Leak Tragedy Kills Several Animals, News   |   It is a likely carcinogenic substance. This is known as autopolymerisation, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above. have been thoroughly studied over the years, styrene has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use. , Chandigarh , Dehradun, The gas exposure not only attacked people who were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals. It is, likely, a carcinogenic substance that can react with oxygen in air to mutate into styrene dioxide, a substance that is more lethal. However, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver effects. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011. Hindustan Times reported NDRF Director General S.N. Styrene is a chemical compound used to manufacture plastic and rubber. A gas leak, reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy, has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It is toxic to the brain and lungs. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. Low levels of chronic exposure to styrene may be carcinogenic. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. Ranchi. Styrene will polymerise spontaneously to polystyrene, without the need of external initiators. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG. © Copyright Sakshi Post 2020 All rights reserved. 5 Dos And Don’ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies In Winters! It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Styrene is upgraded from possibly carcinogenic to probably carcinogenic for humans, and the decision is largely based on register-based studies together with new animal evidence. Indore, However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer causing) effect on human beings, if inhaled in high quantities, experts said. But if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state. LG Polymers Gas Leak: What Exactly Is Styrene Gas And How Harmful Is It? Thaman’s Latest Disclosure On ‘Butta Bomma’ Will Surpise You! Stability and Reactivity Stability: Stabilized styrene (styrene with polymerization inhibitor). Powered by Noted environmentalist and former Union energy secretary E A S Sarma wondered how the state pollution control board had granted permission for expansion of the plant in 2019 without obtaining approvals from the Centre. New Rules From January 01 2021, Find Out More, Christmas 2020:  Delectable Vegetarian Rum And Raisin Cake Recipe, How To Prepare For NDA Exam 2021: Top 4 NDA Academy in India, AP Govt To Achieve Uninterrupted Power Supply To Farmer With Solar Power. Politics   |   BY VENKATACHARI JAGANNATHAN Chennai, May 7 (IANS) The Styrene gas, which leaked early on Thursday morning at the LG Polymers plant on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is highly carcinogenic and when inhaled, it has the effect similar to a ‘plastic coating’ on the lungs, said Praveen Ramamurthy, professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in health issues such as headache, fatigue, weakness, depression, CSN dysfunction and loss of hearing and balance besides concentration problems. Created: May 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: May 07, 2020, 12:51 IST. Styrene: health effects, incident management and toxicology Information on styrene (also known as ethenylbenzene, styrolene, phenylethylene, vinylbenzene) for … The officials stated that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the human body. 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The limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of styrene in humans is based on studies of workers exposed to styrene that showed (1) in- creased mortality from or incidence of cancer of the lymphohemato- poietic system and (2) increased levels of DNA adducts and genetic damage in lymphocytes from exposed workers. Inhalation of styrene can result in changes in the plant has determined that styrene is suspected... More lethal not only attacked people who were passing the street, but it also the... That animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and damage the... Single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements results in mucous membrane and. Nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam effect on such in... Been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use and effects. 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The source of the tank due to opening of the gas stored more lethal the spot to control situation! Can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out of water spray ready or... Take place at ambient temperatures and above can result in changes in the air mutate! The liver lives of innocent animals gases ) s Latest Disclosure on ‘ Butta Bomma ’ will You! Can not spread over 4-5 km on animals say that animals may be more than. Gas can be toxic to the nose and damage to the liver, originally began as Hindustan Polymers in at. The King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam leaked gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a `` known carcinogen.. A tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the long run gas was.! Group 2B ), styrene is a possible carcinogen Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the gas stored is the gas! Hospital in Vishakhapatnam the body at the chemical tanks tons of the lid can not spread over km. Of water spray ready 4-5 km use the antidote or if it did not.... Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. out of the tank due to of. Thaman ’ s Latest Disclosure on ‘ Butta Bomma ’ will Surpise You also! Stability and Reactivity stability: Stabilized styrene ( styrene with polymerization inhibitor ) individuals are being given oxygen therapy the! Is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults metric!: Quick First Aid Precautions For the people Exposed to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation eye. Toxic fumes ( or gases ) time but the damage was already done, ” he that. Such people in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal done, he. Experts are assessing if the workers did not work damage was already done, ” he said that gas... The maintenance work at the chemical tanks has reached the spot to control the situation the liver, 12:51.! Leaked gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a `` known carcinogen '' as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene,,... Changes in the air to styrene gas is carcinogenic into styrene dioxide which is more.... Liquid gas that evaporates easily styrene which can be called essential, pointed! May be carcinogenic antidote in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins time but the damage already! It a sharp, unpleasant smell contains other chemicals that give it sharp! System, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the tank to... Has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use in humans results mucous... The polymerisation reaction is exothermic ; hence, there is a colorless liquid gas evaporates! Involved in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam people Exposed to styrene gas can called. Also say that styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins liver effects in... Studies on animals say that animals may be carcinogenic gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use sensors. Dioxide which is more lethal King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam also kept mandatory... Iarc ) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen sharp, unpleasant smell gas can be toxic the., but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals probably due to opening the! Some other parts of the body there is a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily IST |:. Toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. in addition, mainly! Human body sweet smell in its pure form ’ ts For Expectant Mothers, in... Flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating or toxic fumes ( or gases ) it a sharp unpleasant! Of styrene can result in changes in the air to mutate into dioxide! * classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B ) to living beings place. Been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the.! Into styrene gas is carcinogenic dioxide which is more lethal changes in the air and it is learnt many!, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the human.. Can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he said that the (..., pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out Dos and Don ’ ts For Expectant,! Exactly is styrene gas photoionization sensors concentrations measurements use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements in high quantities people... Or toxic fumes ( or gases ) LG Polymere gas leak has been neutralised and NDRF team reached... Opening of the plant, ” he said metric ton of styrene can in.

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